Leviticus is the primary biblical source for the laws of the hebrew nation of israel. Chapters 1115 deal with clean and unclean animals, childbirth, disease, and discharges and how they are to be cleansed. The book of leviticus new international commentary on the. The central role in the book is played by the levitical priests. Jan 02, 2020 there is an emphasis in leviticus on the need for personal holiness in response to a holy god. This is part of a larger series that will be listed at under. Chapters 110 of leviticus record laws on sacrifices and the priesthood. The book of leviticus contains direct revelation from god through moses to israel.
Bob is a pastorteacher and elder at community bible chapel in richardson, texas, and has contributed many of his bible study series for use by the foundation. How do these chapters remind you of jesus and the cross. It pictures christ who gave himself as a sacrifice to god for a sweet smelling savour eph. From chapter 17, sacrifice and offerings are laid out for priests and individuals in detail. In this message asher shares on a topic many believers have a hard time relating to the chapters concerning sacrifices in the book of leviticus. This summary of the book of leviticus provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of leviticus.
It shall then be slaughtered at the entrance of the tent of. Heres a brief summary of the five offerings in leviticus what they were and why they mattered. First chapters 1 through 7 describe the sacrifices a holy people will offer to their holy god. Leviticus 3 new american bible revised edition nabre chapter 3. Worship the lord in the beauty of holiness sacrifices that god accepts. Because the offerings in leviticus had their ultimate fulfillment in jesus christ, there is no need for them today hebrews 10. An easyenglish bible version and commentary 2800 word vocabulary on leviticus chapters 1 to 7. Christ is not seen here as bearing our sins, but as accomplishing the fathers will, glorifying him and vindicating the holiness and majesty of his throne. The lord jesus testifies to the fact that moses was the author of leviticus in matthew 8.
Sacrifices are between god, the priest, and the offerers, although in some cases the entire sacrifice is a single portion to godi. Rather it was a set of laws, that god spoke and recorded by moses wrote down. After camping out with the book of leviticus for about 3 monthsreading the scripture and wenhams commentary along the way, i must say i agree 100%. The book covers the laws given by god for sacrifices, offerings, prescriptions for various types of uncleanness, lawfull and prohibited food to eat, prohibited sexual relationships. Sin must be atoned for through the offering of proper sacrifices chapters 810. However, these offerings are usually, if not always, a subset of the five major offerings. The book of leviticus is the book of fellowship or communion. This is not the place to go into detail, but i will give a summary. This book is a set of rules that god gave to moses, so that his hebrew children could learn how to live pleasing unto god. Leviticus assumes that israel is sinful and impure, and it describes how to deal with sin and impurity so that the holy lord can dwell among his people. The only way for sinful humanity to be holy is through atonement of sins. In the book of leviticus the atonement was done through sacrifices.
Bible sermon on offerings, sacrifices, day of atonement, feasts of israel. I can imagine how bloody the place of worship was during that time as a result of various animal sacrifices for the sins fo the israelites. Leviticus 17 instructions about sacrifices enter the bible. The book deals with sacrificial law and we do not sacrifice animals today. We may consider the chapters 8 and 9 as the chapters around which everything revolves.
The book of leviticus goes into deeper detail about the divinehuman relationship put in place on mount sinai exodus 1940. Thus, leviticus is best explained as a guidebook for instructing gods people about holy living and worship. Other topics covered in the book are diets clean and unclean foods, childbirth, and diseases which are carefully regulated chapters 1115. In these five offerings we have a most wonderful presentation in typical language of types and shadows of the person and work of the lord jesus christ, the true lamb of god which taketh away the sin of the world john 1. For most christians, the book of leviticus is as untraveled as the. This is the second occurrence of the phrase before the lord in leviticus. Ive also included a free chart you can download and a short list of resources to help you make sense of leviticus.
Now, in leviticus, israels conduct with regard to handling blood is even more carefully prescribed, with very serious consequences for any violation. Peck if we were to state the motto of the book of leviticus, it might best be described as you shall be holy for i, the lord your god, am holy lev. If we were to state the motto of the book of leviticus, it might best be described as you shall be holy for i, the lord your god, am holy lev. Leviticus views worship as central to the life of the community. Leviticus 17 new american bible revised edition nabre. The sin offering leviticus 4 the trespass offering leviticus 5 other offerings are mentioned in the mosaic law. The first seven chapters in this book of leviticus told the people how to offer sacrifices to god. Mar 11, 2016 commentary on leviticus 17 and the sacrifices as rituals of worship. While the importance of shed blood was once only to be learned by inference, now the principle of the preciousness of blood is stated more clearly than ever before cf. How israel was to live as a holy nation is the burden of leviticus. The book of leviticus was like a priesthood handbook for the children of israel. The name leviticus was given to the third book of the pentateuch by the ancient greek translators because a good part of this book deals with concerns of the priests, who are of the tribe of levi. Bobdeffinbaugh graduated from dallas theological seminary with his th.
This indicates that the tabernacle was now completed. What happens in leviticus happens before the lord, and every sacrifice that was made was to be made before the lord. In the very first verses of this book, god says he wants dead animals and blood. Terms in this set 31 was the book of leviticus a book to instruct an israelite on how to become a believer. It will be the basis for the consequent chapters here in the book of leviticus. There are many instructions for sacrifice throughout the pentateuch, but leviticus chapters 17 is completely dedicated to the 5 levitical offerings which were the main sacrifices used in the rituals. Theres just so much to cover in this book that this is going to be part i of a short sermon series, covering the entire book of leviticus.
You could sum up the book of leviticus with gods repeated command. In leviticus the principles of approaching god are shown. The book of leviticus can be divided into three main divisions. The levitical offerings and sacrifices preachers institute. The third section of leviticus is chapters 11 to 16. The five offerings of leviticus 17 chart and brief. Wenham gives clear explanations to the five types of offerings. The first 17 chapters in leviticus are devoted to explaining the occasions for and the correct procedures to the followed in sacrifice. In fact, after jesus sacrificed his life on the cross and rose again, the temple was destroyed in ad 70. Commentary on leviticus 17 and the sacrifices as rituals of worship.
It is one of the fundamental presuppositions informing the theology of leviticus. The book of leviticus is the third book of the bible and subsequently of the pentateuch and the old testament. The fourth area is that of the idea of the covenant. Everything from sexual conduct to the handling of food, to instructions for worship and religious celebrations, is covered in detail in the book of leviticus. This whole book is about how the nation of israel needs to live in order to survive living in the presence of such a powerful, holy being. Leviticus with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. There are many instructions for sacrifice throughout the pentateuch, but leviticus chapters 17 is completely dedicated to the. In these first chapters of leviticus, the lord gives detailed instructions to moses about how to conduct various kinds of sacrifices.
The role of the priest is the main topic in the first seventeen chapters and also in the chapters 21 25. The majority of the book chapters 110, 1617, 2124, 27 is devoted to instructions about or descriptions of worship sacrifices, other offerings, proper priestly vestments, the duties of priests, and the liturgical calendar. At the center of leviticus is the day of atonementthe highlight of the book well explore laterbut the sections surrounding it establish the sacrificial system with the priesthood and point us to lifechanging truths along the way. In leviticus chapters 17 we find detailed instructions for offering. The provision of sacrifice in the old testament crossway articles. If we were to state the motto of the book of leviticus, it might best be. Aug 20, 2015 in this message asher shares on a topic many believers have a hard time relating to the chapters concerning sacrifices in the book of leviticus.
In these chapters you can read about five types of offerings and how the priesthood was. A free bible version and commentary on the old testament book of leviticus in easy english. Next, leviticus 8 through 10 describes the holy priests who will offer the sacrifices with the holy people to the holy god. There is an emphasis in leviticus on the need for personal holiness in response to a holy god.
The first part of the book of leviticus deals with offerings and the one that was offered and the last part of the book deals with feasts. The contents of leviticus are diverse, but unified by the theme of holiness. These passages also describe how to use the altar for the sacrifices and the offerings to god. This book is filled with different sacrifices that the israelites offered to the lord god, the laws and specific ways in which these offerings were offered, and how. Because of this, most see this book as without value and without need of reading. I truly have come to appreciate this book of the bible more than ever before. Book of leviticus overview insight for living ministries. They are not all the same and the differences point to different aspects about jesus christ. Leviticus opens with different types of sacrifices and offerings. This is a handbook that gives you a oneparagraph application of every chapter in.
They remain at sinai through the book of leviticus. As seen in the key verses and key words of this book, the primary theme is holiness. I have good news for those who have been with me so far in leviticus. The book of leviticus is one of the most important books in the old testament. May 24, 2014 this book is filled with different sacrifices that the israelites offered to the lord god, the laws and specific ways in which these offerings were offered, and how often they were to offered. The book of leviticus is a book of actual, real sacrifices. The majority of the book chapters 110, 1617, 2124, 27 is devoted to instructions about or descriptions of worshipsacrifices, other offerings, proper priestly vestments, the duties of priests, and the liturgical calendar. While it was the prime source for israels laws, it was not a legal codex. In hebrew, nadab and abihu take coals from an outside placethat is, not from the holy altar but from a notholyfied area such as their uncles beat up george foreman grill. Laws on sacrifices and the priesthood 110 laws on purification 1116 holiness laws 1727 the first main division. Central to these chapters is the idea that gods greatness and holiness cannot be ignored. Because of gods holiness, he expects his people to be holy. After leviticus gave the requirements for the worshippers sacrifices, what did he reveal.
Sacrifice in the bible, however, is the bloody reality of a bellowing animal. This is the end of the barbequepit section of this book. In this first sermon, were going to cover chapters 19, which deal w the various sacrifices and offerings, all of which foreshadowed christ. The book covers the laws given by god for sacrifices, offerings, prescriptions for various types of uncleanness, lawfull and prohibited food to. In chapters 810, moses describes the instructions for. The book of leviticus also serves as a reference point for the new testament, especially when there is reference to sacrifices, feasts or liturgy, such as the presentation of jesus in the temple luke 2. A chronological daily bible study of the old testament 7day sections with a summarycommentary, discussion questions, and a practical. The first seven chapters delineate the major types of sacrifices undertaken by israelites individually and as a community. Leviticus expert jacob milgrom notes that one of the main points in this story is the importance of ritual purity, which sets up the books next few chapters. The five offerings of leviticus 17 chart and brief outline raymond k. This verse and the following verses describe the burnt offerings. These other offerings include those made for a vow called votive, thank offerings, drink offerings, heave offerings, and wave offerings. The last several chapters of exodus described the construction of the tabernacle exodus 3540. With the tabernacle of meeting complete, the sacrificial system could now be put into operation.
The order of the offering and sacrifices, which aaron and his sons were required to handle was the basis of this chapter. God gave the book of leviticus to a people already redeemed. In exodus god saved his people and formed an alliance with them. The word holy is mentioned more times in leviticus, than any other book in the bible. The book of leviticus unfolds in the following several sections. The burnt offering required a cattle or sorts, but if they brought a bird, it had to be a turtledove or young pigeon. Leviticus chapters 17 free bible commentary in easy english. Offerings in leviticuswhat they were and why they mattered. The book of leviticus was the first book studied by a jewish child. Breakdown of the genres chapter sections chapters 17 legal chapters 810. I mean, who cares about sacrifices no longer needed or diet codes no. Chapters 1116 of leviticus deal with uncleanness and its treatment. The offerings the book of leviticus starts off with gods instructions to moses concerning the various types of offerings that were to be made in different situations.1516 167 654 1198 1164 915 676 602 1450 1478 882 1215 1103 508 357 1463 1548 806 318 812 780 152 1326 1498 965 690 1470 369 957 721 174 851 678 1133 1081 322 709 597 1271 915